Climate Change, caused by the increased concentration of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere, has emerged as the most prominent global environmental problem. Most of the countries including India are facing the problems of rising temperature, melting of glaciers, rising of sea-level leading to inundation of the coastal areas, changes in precipitation patterns leading to increased risk of recurrent droughts and devastating floods, threats to biodiversity, an expansion of pest and a number of potential challenges for public health. This is likely to threaten the food security and livelihoods of millions of people in India.
Self-Reliant agriculture is one that meets both food and development needs over both the short- and very long-terms, from local to global scales, without destabilizing the Earth system. A Self-Reliant agriculture explicitly allows for adaptive changes or transformations to meet evolving environmental conditions and human needs. It could be able to transform to new modes of operation without excessive damage to human or natural systems when the basic conditions for its operation become untenable. It can able to provide long term sustainable development for the farming community without any adverse effect to the environment.